Who Invented Bicycle in India: Tracing the Roots of Cycling

Who Invented Bicycle in India

Cycling has become one of the most popular modes of transport and a recreational activity around the world. It is not only eco-friendly and cost-effective, but also promotes a healthy lifestyle. 

But have you ever wondered about the origin of bicycles and who invented bicycle in India? In this article, we will delve deep into the history of cycling in India and uncover the identity of the inventor of the bicycle in India.

Evolution of Cycling in India

Early Forms of Bicycles

who invented the first bicycle

The first known precursor to the bicycle was the draisine, invented by Karl von Drais in 1817. However, it wasn’t until the 1860s that bicycles became popular in India. 

These early bicycles were often referred to as “penny-farthings” due to their distinctive large front wheel and smaller back wheel. They were imported from Britain and were mainly used by British officials and affluent Indians.

who invented bicycle and in which year

Rise of Indigenous Bicycle Manufacturing

In the early 1900s, the demand for bicycles increased in India, leading to the establishment of several indigenous bicycle manufacturing companies. 

One of the first such companies was the East India Cycle Manufacturing Company, which was founded in 1898 in Kolkata. 

Other notable companies included Atlas Cycle Industries, founded in 1951 in Sahibabad, and Hero Cycles, founded in 1956 in Ludhiana.

Cycling as a National Sport

Cycling gained popularity as a sport in India in the early 20th century. The first national cycling championship was held in 1946, and the sport has since produced several accomplished athletes, including Arjuna Award winners like Raj Kumar and Amar Singh.

Who Invented Bicycle in India?

The Controversy Surrounding the Invention

The invention of the bicycle in India is shrouded in controversy, with several individuals and communities claiming credit for its invention. 

One such community is the Dhundirs, who claim that their forefathers invented the bicycle in the early 1800s. However, there is little historical evidence to support this claim.

Another such figure is Jankidas Mehra, who is often credited with developing the first Indian bicycle in the early 1900s. Mehra was a prolific entrepreneur who founded the Oriental Cycle Company, which quickly became one of the largest bicycle manufacturers in India.

Another key figure in the history of India’s bicycle industry is Pankaj Munjal, the chairman and managing director of Hero Cycles. Under Munjal’s leadership, Hero Cycles has become one of the largest bicycle manufacturers in the world, with a presence in over 80 countries.

The Role of Raja Sir Brijendra Nath Seal

Another individual often credited with the invention of the bicycle in India is Raja Sir Brijendra Nath Seal. He was a prominent Indian industrialist and philanthropist who established the Hind Cycle Company in 1948 in Kolkata. 

Seal claimed that he had invented the bicycle in India in 1923, but again, there is little concrete evidence to support this claim.

The Likely Origin of the Bicycle in India

While the exact identity of the inventor of the bicycle in India may never be known, it is likely that the bicycle was introduced to India through British colonization. 

The first bicycles were imported from Britain, and the early indigenous bicycle manufacturing companies also imported components and technology from the UK.

The Impact of India’s Bicycle Industry

The bicycle has had a profound impact on transportation in India, providing an affordable and accessible mode of transportation for millions of people across the country. In fact, bicycles are still a popular form of transportation in India today, particularly in rural areas where cars and other vehicles are less common.

Beyond its impact on transportation, the bicycle industry has also had a significant economic impact on India. The industry employs millions of people across the country, from factory workers to salespeople, and has helped to fuel India’s economic growth over the past century.


Cycling has come a long way since its early days as a novelty item for the elite. Today, it is an important mode of transport, a recreational activity, and a sport. 

While the inventor of the bicycle in India remains a mystery, we can trace the roots of cycling in India to the early 1900s, when indigenous bicycle manufacturing companies were established.

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Who invented the first bicycle?

The first bicycle, as we know it today, was invented in the early 19th century by a German inventor named Karl von Drais. The bicycle he invented was known as the “running machine” or the “Draisine” and had no pedals – it was propelled by the rider’s feet pushing off the ground.

Who invented bicycle tyre?

The first practical bicycle tire was invented by John Boyd Dunlop, a Scottish veterinarian, in 1887. Dunlop was trying to find a way to make his son’s tricycle ride more comfortably, and he came up with the idea of wrapping a rubber tube around the wheels and inflating it with air.

Who invented the pedal bicycle?

The first pedal-powered bicycle was invented in the 1860s by French mechanic Pierre Michaux and his son Ernest. Their invention, which they called the “velocipede,” featured pedals attached to the front wheel, which was made of iron and had wooden spokes.

Who invented the bicycle and in which year?

The bicycle, as we know it today, was not invented by a single person in a single year. Rather, it was the result of many years of innovation and experimentation by inventors and engineers around the world. The first rudimentary bicycles, known as “running machines,” were invented in the early 19th century, but it wasn’t until the late 1800s that the modern bicycle, complete with pedals and pneumatic tires, was fully developed.

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